Director Emir Kusturica
Original title Podzemlje, Bila jednom jedna zemlja
Release october 1995 (France)
Original language Serbian
Length 2h45 (cinema version), 5h40 (long TV version)
Music Goran Bregović
Script Dušan Kovačević
Photography Vilko Filać
Box office 500.000 (France), 1.000.000 (Europe)


Golden Palm at the Cannes Film Festival, 1995

  • Golden Palm at the Cannes Film Festival, 1995
  • Best foreign film at the Prix Lumières, Paris, 1996
  • Best film in foreign language at the Boston Society of Film Critics, 1997
  • Best film in foreign language at the Kinema Junpo Awards, Tokyo, 1997


1941. Belgrade. Marko, communist activist let his friend Blacky enter the Party. But German invade Yugoslavia and the two friends will share their time between acts of resistance and very profitable traffics. They will share also beautiful Natalja, an actress whom a Nazi officer “protects”. During the conflict, Marko will arrange to lock up Blacky and its clan in the basement of an house of Belgrade. Thus will he be able to keep Natalja for himself only. In 1945, he will voluntarily silence the people of the basement who manufacture weapons for Resistance that the country was free. He will continue to exploit them during decades, for his greater profit. But one day, the slaves will leave the basement and will find their country devastated by the civil war…





CountryFormataudio languagessubtitles languages buy online Description
Australia DVD Z4 PAL Serbian English--
Germany DVD Z2 PAL German, Serbian GermanAmazon.de-
Belgium DVD Z2 PAL French 5.1, Serbian 5.1French, Dutch Amazon.fr
(4 films set1))
More details
Belgium DVD Z2 PAL French 5.1, Serbian 5.1French, Dutch “Golden Palms” 7 films set 2)
France DVD Z2 PAL French 5.1 & dts, Serbian 5.1 & dts FrenchAmazon.fr3 DVD set including a 48 pages book. more details
France VHS SECAM French--long version (5h40) : More details
France blu-ray Z2 French dts-HD 5.1, Serbian dts-HD 5.1FrenchAmazon.frNew High-Definition transfer
Italy DVD Z2 PALItalian 5.1, Serbian 5.1ItalianAmazon.itDouble DVD
Latin America DVD Z1 & 4 NTSCSerbian 2.0 Spanish Amazon.com -
United Kingdom VHS PAL Serbian EnglishAmazon.co.uk-
Russia DVD Z5 PAL serbian, russian russianAmazon.com
drapeau_serbie.jpg Serbia VHS PAL Serbian -yu4you.com-
drapeau_serbie.jpg Serbia DVD Z0 PAL Serbian Englishyu4you.com-
drapeau_slovenie.jpg Slovenia DVD Z2 PAL Serbian Slovenian--
USA DVD Z1 NTSC Serbian EnglishAmazon.comMore details


Presentation of the film by Serge Grünberg : “Underground”, the last film of Emir Kusturica, is already a legend. It is not only because it won the Golden Palm of the last festival of Cannes. There has been many lines written about the uncommon length of his shooting, on the exceptional means that CIBY 2000 put together to allow the making of a fresco which embraces a period of fifty years and the visionary genius of its author. But in a certain way, “Underground” succeeded in creating a new kind: a baroque, burlesque and musical epic on one of the greatest tragedies of the modern era: the Yugoslav crisis. Far from propaganda for any side, far from any official and edifying art, very far from hagiography or historical films, “Underground” calls the major sources of the world cinema, from Vigo to Kubrick, Lubitsch to Visconti, to tell us the story of a country ! And this country, as each one knows, from now on, is a country which doesn't exist any more; an idea, a dream killed by human passions.

Emir Kusturica : ”Man manages to find the force to survive, even in the worst circumstances…

Davor Dujmović has played in three films of Emir Kusturica. Found in the street to play in When father was away on business, he is the exceptional Perhan in Time of the Gypsies, and then the ill brother Bata, in Underground.

There is a 75 mn making-of (compared to the poor five little minutes on the DVD), directed by Aleksandar Manić (Czech director). This making-of was broadcast in January 2003 on CanalSatellite in French. It shows many unknown scenes, gives a deep analysis of the movie themes, and its relationships with the events of 1995.

Some keys to help understanding the symbols in Underground.

The "conversation" between Alain Finkelkraut, French philosopher, and Emir Kusturica through the newspaper Le Monde.

There is a long version of this film (5h), broadcast in episodes both on Yugoslav and French television, then commercialised by TF1 video in double VHS tapes sets.

The opening sequence gives the tone for the rest of the film : half-Serbian, half-rrom, it says : “Oh my god, give me just a big Kalashnikov…”

For its re-release in Japan, in septembre 2011, the film gets a dedicated mini-website : eiganokuni.com/ug/

Two books deal specifically with Underground :

Il était une fois ... UNDERGROUND Il était une fois ... UNDERGROUND by Emir Kusturica & Serge Grunberg, 1995
Real making-of of the film Underground, this book puts us into the sets of the film, through different interviews, reportages and analysis.

Underground a textual examination Underground a textual examination by Bryan Turnock
This 17 pages study examines the ability of Underground's postmodernist approach to highlight how accepted truths can be manipulated and fictions perpetuated. It also discusses the narrative and stylistic techniques used by Kusturica in his depiction of real and fantasy realms and the interplay between them, including the use and effects of “magic realism”


  • Le MondeA blazing film… A rare artistic creation, an exceptional cinematographic work which wakes up the mind, an aesthetic invention of every moment. With in prime, a humour - to be strictly accurate - devastator, a dazing rhythm, characters and actors who make us love life.
  • London TimesThree hours of a thundering, tumultuous film, Underground is an epic comedy on the nonsenses of the war, the lies of history. Suddenly, we were in front of a big film…
  • Los Angeles TimesTurbulent, daring, shamelessly excessive, this moving requiem for a dying country conquered the Cannes public with the ardour of a mad bull.
  • Frankfurter RundschauViolence and fury of living, baroque and of a great visual force, Underground explodes the screen like dynamite.
  • Le PointAn extraordinary maelström of images : baroque, strong, fulgurating, truculent, always unexpected, always sublime, whose breath and power are the sign of an authentic genius.
  • TéléramaHeteroclite, cocasse and lyric
  • Cadrage For the French 3 DVD release, I wrote an article (in French) for the Cadrage magazine (see the translation below). :

Underground is certainly the best illustration to what represents cinema for Emir Kusturica : it must be ” bigger than life.”

This oversizing is present at every level : in the length of the story told, in the complexity and ambiguity of the characters, the over-reacted comments in the press at its release.

But let's go back to 1995 : at the beginning of the year, tension is at its maximum on the set ; after two years of hard working where Emir Kusturica rewrites the script day after day, provokes the tension between the actors in order to let them explode in front of (or even behind) the camera, piles the delays, the technical problems and the money spent. Nobody knows if the film will be ready for the Cannes Film Festival ; only the director seems to believe in it. Rumours spread until the day before the festival, but finally the film is projected. The public is astonished by a film that crosses the decades to come up to the images we saw yesterday on TV. We must remember indeed that war was raging with a rare intensity throughout all ex-Yugoslavia since 1992, and even if Bosnia was torn apart, it resisted and even won battles on the Serbian front. In this atmosphere where no camp seemed to be more offensor than offended, the film wins the Palme D'Or on may 22nd 1995, by the jury, headed by Jeanne Moreau.

But three days later with the massacre of 72 young Bosnians in Tuzla, then the one of Srebrenica in July, the public opinion definitively considers the Serbians as the sole responsible of all the disasters of the war. Controversy on the film will raise with the insulting article of Alain Finkielkraut in French newspaper Le Monde where he claims Emir Kusturica serves the pro-Serbian cause of Milošević. Is it necessary to recall that Alain Finkielkraut hadn't seen the film ? This polemic will be followed by a lot of articles in the press where the pro-Kusturica and anti-Kusturica French “intellectuals” will fight, each one using mostly the same arguments. Nobody criticises the baroque, epic and tragi-comic aspect of the film, and we end in considering insignificant details, forgetting to consider the film with the necessary distance. The film will be be a success in the theatres, and the whole affair will strongly affect the director to the point he claims he wants to stop making movies… He turns then toward music for a few years with his group the No Smoking Orchestra.

Today, with a 10 years distance on these events, we can only but applause the vision of the film. It is more evident than ever that the film takes place higher than the tragedies, and that the main message is a denunciation of any form of propaganda : whether the one of the Tito utopist communist apparatus or the one of the western media that do not know the “ground” complexity.

Born during the filming of Arizona Dream, when Emir Kusturica was living in the USA, the idea of the film imposes itself naturally. War was just begun and he feels the urgent need to tell the story of his country that is being torn apart under the passive western cameras. Emir Kusturica contacts Dušan Kovačević, famous Serbian drama writer and they start together reworking one of his plays The spring in January. More than 3000 pages and 15 versions of the script later, filming begins in Belgrade and in Prague. Thanks to his huge cinematographic culture, Emir Kusturica puts all his obsessions in it : he always searches to pay homage to the old geniuses of the cinema with impressive homages sequences that follow each other, as well as keeping his own sensibility in telling stories and destinies of characters ; complex destinies since the central trio of the film always shows exaggerated feelings one for another… each one being sensible when we expect him to be rude, or vice-versa. Living of love and hate, they symbolise the ambiguous relationships between the people of ex-Yugoslavia.

The bet was crazy but the result is incredible : the visual pleasure explodes in every image, while telling a strong story. Music is also gorgeous : Goran Bregović has a unique talent to arrange, orchestrate and take advantage of the Balkanic explosive musics. The gypsy brass bands are always present, to enhance the moments of joys as well as the moments of pain.

Underground is a cult film that will probably mark the story of cinema forever…



Making of

Making-of - Part 1

Making-of - Part 2



2) Underground - Secret Lies - Rosetta - Dancer in the Dark - Le pianiste - Elefant - La Chambre du Fils
en/underground.txt · Last modified: 2014/12/26 10:46 by matthieu1